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Presbyopia is Common and Treatable

Saturday, January 11, 2014 @ 07:01 AM
Author: Amit Mathur

Presbyopia is a gradual loss of the ability to see things close up. It happens naturally to almost everyone as they age. The risk of getting presbyopia is higher and premature in those who are farsighted, have diabetes, or have heart disease. Taking prescription medicines such as antidepressants, antihistamines, or diuretics also increases the risk of getting it earlier than normal.

What happens is the lens on the outer part of the eye hardens with aging, as sure as people get wrinkles and gray hairs. The lens loses some of it’s elasticity and it changes how the light is refracted. The condition commonly starts in the mid to late 40’s and gets worse well into the 60’s.

Though treatment isn’t always necessary, there are three common treatments that are used for presbyopia:

  • Corrective lenses, which can include bifocals or trifocals
  • Refractive surgery
  • Replacing the natural lens with a synthetic one

Aside from these treatments, there are some things that can be done at home. The first line of defense is to pay close attention to eye sight and note any changes in vision. Have regular eye exams to promote early detection and device a treatment plan. Also be sure to control symptoms of diabetes, avoid too much exposure to the sun, and use bright lighting in the home.

Also pay close attention to diet and overall health. Increasing antioxidants, beta carotene, and vitamin A to protect eye health and maintain clear vision for as long as possible.

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