Vancouver Optometrists & Eye Doctors

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Archive for July, 2015

How to motivate your child to wear glasses

Monday, July 27, 2015 @ 07:07 AM
Author: Amit Mathur

Vision_Therapy

When any parent finds out their child needs to wear glasses they start to worry about how they are going to convince them to wear them. Many kids don’t want to wear their glasses and are far from excited about the prospect of having to wear them. It may seem daunting but there are several things you can do to help inspire your children to wear them.

Start slow

Wearing glasses is a big adjustment for a kid even if they are older. If they don’t like them or find them uncomfortable then have them ease into it. Have them wear them for small increments that build up to the whole day.

Eyes often need time to adjust to new glasses and it can be awkward to look through them at first. If their eyes are sore let them take a break or take them off.

Be a role model

If you have glasses make sure to have them on. The actions you take are far more meaningful than what you say. If your kids notice that you don’t wear your glasses they’ll think it’s okay not to wear theirs. If you have reading glasses or computer glasses mention how important it is to wear them when you put them on.

Compliment them

When they are wearing their glasses offer them praise and compliments. Remind them of how good they look and how stylish the frames are.

Find people and characters they look up to with glasses

They may feel uncool or dorky wearing glasses. Go through their favourite books, movies, cartoons, tv shows and celebrities to find role models and heroes who wear glasses. If Harry Potter or Arthur wears glasses then maybe it’s okay for them too. Point out other people wearing glasses. This is also a reminder that this happens for lots of other people and is perfectly normal.

Remind them of how important it is to be able to see properly

When your child is wearing their glasses remark on how nice it is to be able to see clearly. If they’re not wearing them and are struggling point this out and suggest they get their glasses.

Let them pick the glasses

It is important that your child like the glasses they are going to be wearing. If they think they look cool in them or they’re their favourite colour then they’re far more likely to want to have them on their face. You should supervise the decision making process but let them be involved and have their opinion count. You also need to make sure the glasses feel good and are comfortable. Have them try them on and ask if they’d be okay with wearing them all the time.

It may not be easy to convince your child to wear glasses but with time, the right strategies and encouragement they’ll get used to it.

Introduction to optometry

Monday, July 20, 2015 @ 10:07 PM
Author: Amit Mathur

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A lot of people say they’re going to the eye doctor when it comes time for their annual visit. For parents it’s easy to communicate what that means to their children. For adults it takes out the confusion of accidentally calling their eye doctor the wrong thing. We hear the word optometrist a lot but it’s not always clear what that actually refers to.

The most common word associated with an eye doctor is optometrist. There are other specialties and jobs encompassed within the office where you go for your eye exams including ophthalmologists and opticians.

Optometrists are doctors of optometry, which is the branch of health care concerned with the eyes, structures relating to the eyes, vision, visual information processing and visual systems. An optometrist can examine patients, diagnose, treat and help them manage eye conditions. They can prescribe medications for eye conditions. They are able to write prescriptions for glasses and contact lenses. An optometrist can fit and adjust glasses and contact lenses. They can also recommend devices for subnormal vision.

They have extensive medical training. Optometrists must complete at least six years of education and often more. After two years in a Bachelor of Science program they can apply to a four-year Optometry program. Many will finish the Bachelor of Science before applying or being accepted. At the end of a four-year Optometry program a Doctor of Optometry (O.D.) is granted. After their studies an optometrist will have extensive knowledge of the anatomy of human eyes, contact lenses, vision, light, neurophysiology, optics and pharmacology.

Optometrists perform the vast majority of eye exams in Canada. The most common treatments performed by optometrists are writing prescriptions for glasses and contacts, prescribing medications including drops, gels and ointments, removing foreign bodies from the eyes, treating tear ducts, treating focusing problems, treatment for low vision and referrals.

An ophthalmologist is a doctor who graduated from medical school and then spent several years in residencies and training in eye diseases. Ophthalmologists can diagnose and treat eye diseases. They can perform eye surgeries. They can perform eye exams and write prescriptions. Ophthalmologists may be involved in research.

The biggest difference between an ophthalmologist and an optometrist is the training they receive. One attends medical school and works in a clinical environment. The other attends a specialized optometry program and will become a part of an optometrists office. During medical school ophthalmologists receive regular medical training on all the parts of the body. They will also complete a standard medical residency program before specializing. An optometry program is much more focused on the eyes than the body as a whole.

Opticians fill prescriptions for glasses. They make lenses and fit them into frames. They adjust them and fit them on patients.

Some practices will have both optometrists and ophtalmologists at them. Others will refer patients and they will work together to care for their patients. Many practices will have opticians in their clinic to make and fit glasses on site. Some opticians will work independently.

drops

There is one part of an annual optometrist visit that many people dread: having to get drops in their eyes. Not everybody gets them. If you do they can cause light sensitivity and leave you wondering why on earth you have to deal with it. Fortunately there is a good reason for the drops that makes them worth the temporary discomfort.

The eye drops are used so that your eye doctor can take a better look inside of your eyes. They are called mydriatics and enlarge the pupil. After the drops take effect your optometrist can see the lens, optic nerve and retina. They can also make it easier for your eye doctor to determine the correct prescription for your eyes. Some of them work by paralysing the iris sphincter muscle, which keeps the pupil small. Others will encourage the muscles that dilate the iris. Individuals with lighter eyes are more sensitive to mydriatics than those with darker eyes. Depending on your history, age, symptoms and which tests are being performed they may not be used.

The drops have the side effect of causing blurred vision and sensitivity to light. It is advisable not to drive afterwards. If you suspect you might be getting eye drops it is best to take transit or arrange a ride to your appointment. If you drove you may be given the option of coming back on another day or leaving your vehicle and coming back for it later. It usually takes between two and six hours for the effects to go away. Bringing sunglasses with you to wear after the appointment will help mitigate the effects of light sensitivity.

During surgery mydriatics can be used to keep the pupil dilated making it easier to perform certain procedures like the removal of a cataract. Mydriatics can be used following eye surgery to prevent the formation of scar tissue or to help the eye maintain its form following glaucoma surgery. They are sometimes given to children with lazy eye. The drops are placed in the good eye to force the bad eye to be used.

There are other types of drops that may be used in your eyes for different procedures or conditions. They can be used both during and after surgery as well as in other applications. Cycloplegics produce paralysis in the ciliary muscles and reduces the eyes ability to focus. It is used to measure farsightedness.

Either mydriatics, cycloplegics or both can be used to treat Uveitis, which is a type of inflammation of the eye. The uvea is the layer of the eye below the sclera and cornea. It includes the iris, choroid and ciliary body. Uveitis can be a serious condition. Symptoms include redness, pain and blurred vision. It has many different causes including infection, autoimmune disease and injury. Uveitis can cause vision loss and should be taken seriously.

During surgery anesthetic eye drops may be used. These numb the eye if it needs to be touched during the surgery.

Dissecting The Different Styles Of Eyewear

Monday, July 6, 2015 @ 10:07 PM
Author: Amit Mathur

Between colour, materials, shapes and decorative details, there must easily be thousands of different styles of glasses out in the marketplace these days. It’s hard to know exactly what to go for. Glasses are no longer just to help improve your vision and help nearsighted or farsighted see better. Glasses have become a fashion statement, a part of your wardrobe, and people sometimes have as many pairs of glasses as they do underwear. In fact, some have actually gotten in the habit of wearing non-prescription eyewear as an accessory. So it’s actually cool to wear glasses. Who knew?

Eyewear can be the pop of accent your wardrobe needs, or can be as inconspicuous as a simple pair of earrings. Regardless of the role you want your glasses to play in your style, it’s fun to learn about all the various styles you have to choose from.

Round Eye Frames

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Circular-shaped lenses and frame made famous by a certain Beatle (John Lennon).

Mirrored & Polarized Lenses

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Mirrored glasses have a mirrored coating on the exterior surface of the lens, which act as a barrier to light. Similar to mirrored glasses, polarized lenses provide a glare-free vision during instances of bright sunlight.

Aviator & Pilot Glasses

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Aviators were originally developed in 1936 by Ray-Ban for pilots, these glasses have a triangular-oval lens with very thin metal frames. Pilot glasses are similar to aviators, but are just not made by Ray-Ban.

Square

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Jackie O made this style of sunglasses famous. They are described as squared glasses and are available in different sizes, colours and materials.

Wayfarer

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Andy Warhol and Bob Dylan eternalized these medium-squared shades with thick plastic frame.

Rimless Glasses

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Partially or totally rimless with a single “eye wire” running along the top of the frame connecting the nose bridge and temples (arms). For those who prefer something a little less obvious.

Butterly & Cat Eye Glasses

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These two styles might sound different, but are actually a lot alike. Both offer a top outer edge pointed upwards, or have a butterfly wing shape. Generally oversized with plastic frames. Marilyn Monroe wore these best.

Oval Glasses

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Oval shaped glasses are very popular in all sizes, colours and materials and generally appeal to a simpler style.

Pantos

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These quintessential masculine frames from the 50s and 60s, feature keyhole bridge and thick acetate rim.

Clubmaster

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Known for the bold upper part of the frames which frame the lenses in the same way that eyebrows frame the eyes.

Wrap, Shield & Biker Glasses

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Glasses that wrap around the side of the face with big wide lenses for protection against ultra violet rays. Shield and Biker glasses are a variation of wrap glasses with extremely wide monolenses also designed for protection. The latter is also designed to protect against high speed winds and various weather conditions.