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Treatment Options for Dry Eyes

Tuesday, February 26, 2013 @ 07:02 AM
Author: Amit Mathur

Lack of lubrication in the eye can cause dryness and run the risk of scratching the eye’s natural lens. There is a disruption in the balance of mucus, water, and oil on the eye’s surface. 

Dry eyes are most common in women over 50, those with medical issues, who have has LASIK surgery, who take prescription medicines, or have had inflamed tear ducts.

Dry eyes generally come for blocked tear ducts that can’t produce enough liquid to flush the eyes naturally. Typical symptoms include:

  • Feeling uncomfortable
  • Burning
  • Stinging
  • Scratching
  • Redness
  • Fatigue
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurry vision
  • Inability to wear contact lenses

Lubricating the eyes is usually enough to treat the symptoms of dry eyes in mild cases. An eye doctor may advise further treatment in chronic cases, including:

  • Prescribing antibiotics
  • Medicated eye drops
  • Unblocking the tear ducts using thermal pulses

The easiest way to prevent dry eye is to control the environment. Cold and wind can worsen the condition. Limit the use of air conditioning or fans if it seems to be a problem. Also avoid sun exposure and getting dust in the eyes. Don’t smoke and avoid contact with secondhand smoke that can irritate and dry out the eyes. Take a break from reading and the use of electronics that cause eye strain and fatigue. Furthermore, use a dehumidifier or a warm compress to restore moisture to the eyes and relieve symptoms.

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